Tae Kwon Do
"Tae Kwon Do is a physical expression of the human will
for survival and an activity to fulfill the spiritual desires of a
Kwon Do is the Korean Martial Art of health, fitness and self-defense. The
main feature of Tae Kwon Do is that it is a free fighting combat sport using
bare hands and feet to repel an opponent. Translated literally, TaeKwon Do means "Foot, Hand, Art" (the art of foot and
hand fighting). However, there is much more to Tae Kwon Do than kicking and
punching. Tae Kwon Do training aims to develop better coordination,
self-confidence and all-round fitness.
Tae Kwon Do is a guide for the formation of outstanding
character, a modern international and Olympic sport and one of the greatest
Martial Arts in the World
The place for training in Tae Kwon Do is known as the "Dojang"
(which translates to "the place of training in the Way"). When
entering the Dojang, the students will show their commitment to the objects
of Tae Kwon Do by pausing at the door and performing a standing bow towards
the instructor. If the instructor is not present, the bow is made to the
centre of the training hall.
Development of Tae Kwon Do
In order to gain a better understanding of Tae Kwon Do, it is
necessary to have some knowledge of the history of Korea and to observe how
such a small country managed to survive through three thousand years of
being besieged, raided, occupied and invaded.
The earliest indication of martial arts practice in Korea is
documented in paintings from the Kokuryo Dynasty (AD 37 to 668); apart from
these enigmatic paintings there is no other record of martial arts practice.
At the beginning of the Koryo dynasty (AD 953 to 1392) this interest in
martial arts was developed further and taught to the Korean military forces
under the name 'Soo Bahk'. Finally, during the Yi Dynasty (1907 to 1945) the
first Korean martial arts manual was published covering twenty-four
By the end of the Second World War the five major "Kwans"
(schools) in Korea were:
Kwon Do is the Korean Martial Art that was perfected by the Korean Martial
Arts movement (the above Masters) in April 1955, at which time the name
Tae Kwon Do was also chosen and
the first President (General Choi Hong Hi) was elected. In 1959
the Korean Tae Kwon Do Association (KTA) began a program of international
development and in 1972 the World Tae Kwon Do Federation (WTF) was founded
and based at the Kukkiwon (World Tae Kwon Do Center). The first World Tae
Kwon Do Championships was held at the Kukkiwon in May 1973. As a result of
the WTF's efforts, energy and enthusiasm Tae Kwon Do is now a fully
recognized Olympic sport.
WTF vs. ITF
Tae Kwon Do Tenets